Russian education system: trends, dimensions, quality assurance

“Group of college students in the university amphitheatre, they are sitting and doing an exam.”

Key transformations: historical overview

As is well-known, the United Nations Organization declared 2005-2014 the Decade of Education for Sustainable Development.

The global goal of this initiative is to attain such a level of education that could meet the crucial chal­lenges of the current century.

Therefore, new content, new quality, and a new level of cooperation are attributes of education in the XXI century.

The governments of many countries initiated reformation of their national educational systems. Russia is no exception. Substantial transformations are going on in this country as well. The following is a retrospective list of some significant events which have become core landmarks for renovations of the Russian educational system.

2003—the Russian Federation officially joined the Bologna process.
The objective was Russia’s integration and partic­ipation in the processes of establishing and harmo­nization of the common European Education Area. As a result:

  • Russia’s higher education adopted a multi-level education system: bachelor’s and master’s pro­grams (getting education in some disciplines, for example, in Engineering and Medicine, takes up five years and corresponds to a separate level—a spe­cialist’s program);
  • the European Credits Transfer System (ECTS) was implemented;
  • a Diploma Supplement compatible with a com­mon-European Official Transcript is granted upon successful graduation;
  • the system of foreign academic certificates rec­ognition in the RF and Russian academic certificates recognition in foreign countries, members of the Bologna Declaration, was established;
  • comparable methodologies and assessment crite­ria were developed and are in effect now, which makes it possible to perform public professional assessment of Russian study programs on the international level;
  • by 2020 nearly 100% of higher education insti­tutions will meet the core requirements of the Bologna process. This final indicator of the Bologna process implementation in Russia was defined in the Federal Targeted Program for 2016-2020.

FACT The Russian Federation today:

As is well-known, the United Nations Organization declared 2005-2014 the Decade of Education for Sustainable Development.

  • occupies the ninth position among 223 countries of the total population (146 million people);
  • belongs to the countries with a high level of the Human Development Index (the fiftieth position among 188 countries);
  • belongs to the countries with the maximum values of the Gross Enrollment Ratio in the age of 5-18 (98.7% in 2012, the expected level in 2020 is 99.4%);
  • occupies the 43rd position in the Global Innovation Index ranking among 128 coun­tries. In comparison with 2012, the country has moved eight positions up in this ranking;
  • according to experts’ assessment, Russia’s upward trend in the Global Innovation Index ranking was substantially impacted by its tra­ditionally high ranking positions in a number of indicators (sub-indexes) reflecting the qual­ity of human capital assets, predominantly: Education (the 27th position among 128 coun­tries), Higher Education (the 23rd position), Research and Development (the 25th position), Knowledge Creation (the 21st position).

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Post Author: rurik